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The purpose of the receiver is to translate the received IR pulses into a set of pulsed voltage levels representing information. We can think of the receiver as simply undoing what the transmitter has done as is shown in figure 50.

Figure 50: Block Diagram of Receiver
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As can be seen in figure 50, our system consists of two parts. The trans subsystem translates the received IR energy into a voltage waveform. Ideally the trans subsystem removes the IR frequency from the received signal so we are left with the modulated carrier signal $x_1(t)$ that was originally generated by the transmitter. In practice, the channel may have introduced some distortion so that the received $x_1(t)$ may not look exactly like the transmitter's $x_1(t)$. The modulated carrier is then demodulated in the demod subsystem. This subsystem removes the carrier wave, so we are left with the original signal $p(t)$ that the transmitter started with.

While the conceptual function of the trans and demod subsystems is straightforward, the actual implementation can be somewhat more involved. This is because the receiver's performance must be robust to distortions introduced by the channel. In practice, therefore, the trans and demod subsystems consist of additional subsystems. In figure 51 we show the block diagram for an integrated circuit (IC) that incorporates the photodetection, transducer, and demodulation functions into a single chip. Let's step through this block diagram.

Figure 51: PNA4601M Receiver Module
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The IR beam is received by a photodiode shown on the left hand side of figure 51. The output of the photo-diode goes through a buffering amplifier which is then fed through a bandpass filter. The purpose of the bandpass filter is to only select out those frequencies in the neighborhood of the carrier wave. So if there are additional frequency components in the received signal (due perhaps to the channel), these are removed by the bandpass filter. The output of the bandpass filter goes through a demodulator. The demodulator consists essentially of a diode whose purpose is to rectify the signal. The rectified signal is sent through a lowpass filter to remove high frequency harmonics that may have been introduced by the rectification function. The final signal leaving the lowpass filter will not be a sharp set of pulses (due to distortion introduced by the channel and our demodulator's filter functions), so we introduce a comparator to "clean-up" the distorted pulses received by the module. The output of the modulator then feeds a single transistor current source.

The use of the PNA4601 receiver module makes the design of your IR link receiver very easy. Essentially, all you need to do is connect up the module to the destination (MicroStamp11). The basic circuit schematic for the receiver circuit is shown below in figure 52.

Figure 52: Receiver Schematic
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next up previous
Next: Simplified Serial Communication Protocol Up: Input Capture Interrupts Previous: Transmitter
Bill Goodwine 2002-09-29